BEE-EATER PHONE SURVEY RESULTS -- April 1997; updated May 2000
Marcia Arland, Bronx Zoo
(718) 220-5070; [email protected]









Disney's Animal Kingdon
0.0.6 carmine. Outdoor aviary
Mealworms coated in beta-tene, emeraid, and nekton; plus wild insects

Toronto Zoo

0.0.3 White-throated indoor exhibit 20'x10'x8'h
difficult getting birds on captive non-live food diet.
not sexed
MW, C, mixed fruit, dry fruit, egg, ground beef heart, kibble with veggies. Birds eat mostly live food; hawk fruit flies attracted to fruit diet
no nest sites in current exhibit; concept report developed for new bee-eater exhibit w/ bee hive, stream bank w/ nest sites.
Cincinnati Zoo
0.0.5 Carmine
2.1 White-throated
0.0.4 Red-throated
new inside exhibit; housed with 2 golded-breased starlings
R-T in low weight; trauma in transport - 1 bird DOA; 1 bird w/ eyes matted closed. Nursed to health in small cages
Came in sexed
Not banded
MW, C dusted w/ vitamins, fly larvae, hard-boiled egg, softbill, live bees 2-3 x/week.Will eat egg if low on livefood. Roxanthin and Necton R on all food. Good color.
mud bank w/ layers of mud, sand and moss mix
R-T copulations seen; species compatible; Carmines dominant
Toledo Zoo
5.5 Carmine large indoor exhibit; mixed African birds; sparse plantings
from Bird's Haven? no acclimation problems
MW, WW, C, gelatin base*w/ insects; pans sprayed w/Betatene; Bet. In cricket drinking water.*gelatin base = soaked Marion biscuit mixed w/gelatin. Birds are dark pink
no nest sites in present exhibit. Planning nest sitecliff w/ nest boxes and PVC pipe for Jan. '98.
courtship feeding seen

Honolulu Zoo

5.7 Carmine ?? outdoor aviary 40'x30'x15'h

none; eating and bathing upon arrival; no bill problems - birds beat food on rockwork.

sexed at Bird's Havenbut unbanded

live food, softened Wayne's low iron dog kibble. Birds eating. Will be adding Betatene - birds in bad color.

4'x4'x6' box w/ layers of plywood and packed clay.Birds do not have access yet.

Kansas City Zoo

6.5 Carmine (April 2000)  summer - outdoor aviary; winter - housed inside. Zoo building shelters onto aviary for year-round housing.

vitamin A deficient - treated.


color banded; bands visible in small exhibit

MW, WW, C w/ liquid calcium, live bees in summer; frozen bees in winter, crumble dry dog food, moist Zeigler BOP pellets, beet juice. Eating only live food. No Roxanthin - liver disease.

box w/ mud-packed PVC.on top and peck, no holes dug. New box design using clay/soil/sand mix, open-face PVC tubing.

San Diego WAP

3.3.20 Carmine
0.0.12 White-throated
0.0.4 White-fronted housed together in outdoor aviary.
0.0.3 Blue-cheeked housed off-exhibit

avian TB (1); tested for vitamin E selenium - OK; toenail problems; bills OK

Carmines laproscoped

metal banded; leg problems w/ color bands; difficult to see.

MW, WW, C, live bees, wild inverts., kibble (not eating); Necton I/Protivit gel on insects; Roxanthin sprinkled on food; very good color.

4'x4'x8' high box filled w/ sand/glue mix watered and packed; 3" wooded slats on front, 30 holes. 3 yr. digging; W-F seen in holes; 2 Carmine bred at Zoo.

W-T prefer denser foliage; Carmines prefer more open space; species seem to segregate. Play behavior With eucalyptus leaves; birds most active after closing. Never seen drinking water.

Bronx Zoo

0.0.19 Carmine inside exhibit, 30'x30'x40'h
0.0.3 White-throated inside exhibit w/ Bishops

difficult getting birds on captive diet. Vitamin A deficient - treated w/ vit.A injections IM. Overgrown bills

not sexed

metal & color bands; difficult to see.

MW, WW, C (live & frozen); kibble mix (dog food, bird of prey meat, vit. E, Roxanthin); Betatene sprits.

Carmines:15' high artificial gunnite bank w/ sand-filled PVC-pipe burrows; live plants & grasses; stream through exhibit under bank.

Carmines:courtship feeding;digging; copulations; aggressive sparing; splash bathe in stream.

Riverbanks Zoo

0.0.18 Carmine and 9.4 white-throated share inside exhibit
Avian Biotech sexed; imported 
color bands
MW, WW, C, kibble, nekton I, betatene, offered on top of insectivore diet
12' high 4' thick gunite river bank; 3' long nest boxes at rear of gunite form nest tunnels