CURRENT CAPTIVE POPULATION STATUS:
In North America there are currently 21.17.19 (57) green woodhoopoes of varying sub-species currently housed at 18 institutions. Of those, there are 56 captive hatches and 1 wild-caught specimen.
Their numbers have increased sharply in the last few years. However, most of the living individuals are derived from a small number of founders making the current population very closely related.
Green woodhoopoes are primarily carnivorous and insectivorous. A variety of insects should be provided such as waxworms, adult crickets and/or mealworms of various sizes. Their diet should also include small pieces of bird-of-prey meat (i.e. Nebraska brand), chopped greens and fruit, and soaked dog food and/or soft-bill pellets. A sprinkle of vitamin supplement such as vionate, calcium (especially important during nesting season), or Nekton I should also be provided.
REPRODUCTION IN CAPTIVITY:
Green Woodhoopoes have successfully bred in both free-flight aviaries and smaller well-planted enclosures (smallest averaging 4’ x 10’ x 10’) when isolated into pairs. When provided a variety of nest boxes and palm logs in larger aviaries, they will generally inspect each one to their liking. Both should average about 12-18’’deep with a 2-3’’ diameter hole and can be 10-12’’ square. There are obviously exceptions with some pairs choosing boxes that weren’t meant for them. The birds nest in unlined cavities but they will usually excavate shaving if placed in the box.
Breeding pairs can frequently have multiple clutches per season. The adult pair and the eldest clutch of fledged chicks can generally be maintained together, but it is advisable to remove these older chicks when the subsequent clutch is ready to fledge. The breeding pair can be aggressive to and sometimes kill the older chicks. Same-sex pairings of adult green woodhoopoes have been successful in both large and small aviaries.
POTENTIAL ESCAPE HAZARDS:
Roughly 8-10% of the historical captive population have escaped from zoological institutions, showing a need for care in choosing enclosures. Green woodhoopoes explore their environment throughly due to their natural nature of being foragers as well as having a healthy supply of curiosity. They often inspect every inch of their enclosure from top to bottom and find weaknesses that exist. Their body design allows them to slip into tight spaces that either allows them escape, or equally as likely, entrapment. Birds that are not seen for several days are sometimes found dead, wedged into spaces that they were unable to escape from. They have also been known to chip away at old, rotten wood thus making their own escape route. Always inspect aviaries, intro cages, and any other spaces they are housed in for even the smallest openings.
CURRENT PARTICIPATING INSTITUTIONS
ABILENE CAPE MAY
Abilene Zoological Gardens Cape May County Park Zoo
P.O. Box 60 4 Moore Road
Abilene, TX 79604-0060 Cape May, NJ 08210-3071
Chicago Zoological Park Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
3300 Golf Rd 3900 Wildlife Way
Brookfield, IL 60513 Cleveland, OH 44109
Columbus Zoological Gardens Dallas Zoo
P.O. Box 400 650 South R.L. Thornton Fwy
Powell, OH 43065-0400 Dallas, TX 75203-3013
Zoo New England Honolulu Zoo
1 Franklin Park Rd. 151 Kapahulu Ave.
Boston, MA 02121 Honolulu, HI 96815-7173
HOUSTON NY BRONX
Houston Zoological Gardens The Wildlife Conservation Soc.
1513 N. MacGregor 2300 Southern Blvd
Houston, TX 77030 Bronx, NY 10460-1099
ORLANDO PITTS CA
SeaWorld Adventure Parks Orlando National Aviary in Pittsburgh
7007 Sea World Drive Allegheny Commons West
Orlando, FL 32821-8097 Pittsburgh, PA 15212
San Diego Zoological Garden San Diego Wild Animal Park
P.O. Box 120551 15500 San Pasqual Valley Rd
San Diego, CA 92112-0551 Escondido, CA 92027
SEA WORLD SIOUX FAL
SeaWorld Adventure Parks California Great Plains Zoo
500 Sea World Drive 805 S. Kiwanis
San Diego, CA 92109-7904 Sioux Falls, SD 57104-3714
Toledo Zoological Gardens Assiniboine Park Zoo
P.O. Box 4010 2355 Corydon Ave.
Toledo, OH 43609 Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R3P 0R5